April 12, 2024

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Uzbekistan is producing healthful weight loss plans a cornerstone of countrywide policy with the assistance of WHO

WHO/Nathalie Germain Julskov

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Uzbekistan’s new regulations will make foods much healthier for all individuals in the place.

Uzbekistan is having critical steps toward the avoidance of noncommunicable disorders (NCDs) with technical guidance and guidance from WHO. Recently, the place adopted a sequence of vital measures that can substantially improve meals security and the quality of nourishment, lessening several health threat variables for the populace.

More healthy diet plans as national coverage

NCDs this sort of as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and chronic respiratory ailments, which are closely affiliated with chance elements these types of as tobacco and alcoholic beverages use, unhealthy eating plans and bodily inactivity, remain an urgent general public well being obstacle in Uzbekistan. NCDs are responsible for about 79% of all fatalities in the region, and cardiovascular illnesses are the main bring about of untimely mortality.

“About a third of the adult inhabitants in the state has hypertension, and a fifth is at superior chance of acquiring a heart assault or stroke,” said Dr Lianne Kuppens, WHO Representative to Uzbekistan. “Furthermore, more than a quarter of guys smoke tobacco and roughly fifty percent the grownup inhabitants is chubby or overweight.”

To reverse this worrying development, in early 2020, Uzbekistan’s Ministry of Health and fitness with help from the Presidential Administration started to do the job on restrictions that would make foodstuff much healthier for all individuals in the place. In November, the new approach was adopted in the form of a presidential resolution, building healthier meal plans an significant portion of nationwide policy.

Boosted by WHO abilities

In planning this new tactic, the Government of Uzbekistan collaborated with several stakeholders. The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and WHO place places of work in Uzbekistan had been invited as customers of the working group and steering committee. The WHO European Office environment for the Avoidance and Management of NCDs and WHO/Europe’s food security programme offered technical know-how for the revision of the draft legislative package deal.

The freshly adopted presidential resolution introduced a nationwide nutrition plan primarily based on the ideal proof-based mostly practices, which includes:

  • the whole fortification of flour to enrich it with micronutrients
  • free-of-demand provision of micronutrients, natural vitamins and anthelmintic medications to small children and ladies to support balanced being pregnant and maternity
  • the introduction of colour labelling for completely ready-to-try to eat food stuff merchandise on a voluntary basis from 1 July 2021 and on an obligatory foundation from 2025 and
  • the gradual elimination of trans fats with the introduction of new sanitary and epidemiological norms and specifications.

Uzbekistan’s organization resolve to deal with NCDs and go away no 1 at the rear of in ensuring far better overall health and perfectly-being reflects the country’s motivation to the Sustainable Growth Targets and the WHO European Programme of Operate for 2020–2025, “United Motion for Superior Health in Europe”.

More techniques for far better health

The affirmation of the new coverage was on the agenda of the global online conference “Improvement of the assist method of the populace with harmless food items products”, held on 30 November 2020. The function gathered international specialists from UNICEF, the United Nations Foodstuff and Agriculture Firm (FAO) and WHO to discuss the present and proposed reforms to the meals protection procedure in Uzbekistan, as perfectly as a lot more general guidelines to promote healthy nutrition and food items basic safety.

“The introduction and implementation of these insurance policies are extremely vital achievements for healthier nutrition and lifestyles in Uzbekistan,” mentioned Dr João Breda, Special Adviser to the WHO Regional Director for Europe. “The state has our entire assistance for future actions, and we search ahead to continuing our collaboration.”

The conference was arranged jointly by the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Konrad Adenauer Basis. A new draft legislation on foodstuff safety in Uzbekistan was offered at the convention, and will be more mentioned with FAO, UNICEF and WHO to align it with intercontinental specifications.